1990 Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Inductees The Four Tops
Apr 15 2020

From the Vault


In 1959, Motown Records Corporation was started by Berry Gordy with an $800 loan from his family. The music that came out of that label would yield hits that have a special place in the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame and in millions of lives.

Motown in the Museum

“Motown is one of the most pivotal and critical record labels established in history,” said Nwaka Onwusa, curator and director of curatorial affairs at the Rock Hall, “not just a sound but a movement in making and celebrating music… for being accepted by all people.”


Within 60 years, Motown earned the title of “the most successful” record label founded and owned by an African American artist. Gordy’s movement with Motown was akin to an assembly line a fitting touch for being founded in Motor City—Detroit.


At a recent event, members of the Rock Hall community heard from various Motown icons, including one panel ‘Women of Motown,’ moderated by Onwusa. The “First Lady of Motown,” Claudette Robinson of The Miracles and The Vandellas were on Onwusa’s panel. Both groups are current Hall of Fame Inductees.

It was our job that we were performing, so we didn’t realize that it was also helping others

Inductee Claudette Robinson, The Miracles

These panels included stories about the history being made as an artist, writer, and more at Motown. “From the stage, Motown artists were literally able to see music as melting pot, defying intense segregation laws at the time,” Onwusa noted.


“What we all were doing was bringing encouragement,” noted Robinson, “… as I’ve heard most often, young ladies, most especially, they said ‘If they can do that, it gives us hope that we’ll be able to do that as well.”


At the Rock Hall in Cleveland, the 60th anniversary of the birth of Motown and beyond continues to be celebrated so the music community worldwide can immerse themselves in this groundbreaking music.


The legacy of Motown is kept alive here in Cleveland with the museum being one of the few institutions in the country to have rare footage and artifacts on display in addition to  content available at the Rock Halls Library & Archives from Diana Ross and The Supremes, Jackson Five, Martha Reeves & The Vandellas and more.

Explore some of the Induction Ceremony collections for Motown Inductees by clicking on each artist listed below.

Motown Classics

1987 Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Inductee Smokey Robinson
1989 Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Inductee Stevie Wonder
1988 Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Inductees The Supremes
1987 Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Inductee Marvin Gaye
1995 Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Inductees Martha and the Vandellas
1990 Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Inductees Holland Dozier and Holland
1997 Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Inductees Jackson 5 Together Backstage at the Induction Ceremony
1989 Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Inductees The Temptations