Black and white promo photo of Steve Miller
Courtesy of the Rock Hall Library and Archive

Steve Miller

2016
Category:
Performers

Admittedly, it’s not as dramatic as selling your soul to the devil at the crossroads,

but having Les Paul teach you your first chords and learning how to play electric guitar from T-Bone Walker are perhaps even more certain means of attaining musical prowess.

That’s the route singer-songwriter-guitarist Steve Miller took, starting with the good fortune of being born into an enthusiastically musical family.

Biography

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“My mother was a very good singer,” Miller recalled. “She sang a little bit like Ella Fitzgerald.” Her brothers were also musicians – one played violin in the Paul Whiteman Orchestra – but when the Depression hit and the opportunities dried up, they became doctors instead. Yet his uncles only left music behind as a profession: Uncle Dale actually gave Miller his first guitar, “a beautiful little Gibson Arch top, almost like a kid-size, laptop guitar,” as he recounted. Miller took to it instantly.

Miller’s father, also a doctor, “was very much into electronics,” Miller explained. “He loved jazz and gospel and blues. Right at the end of World War II, he had a Magnacorder, which was the professional tape recorder they used at television and radio stations and recording studios. He wanted to record everything.” And he had the access to do it. While the family was living in Milwaukee, Miller’s father met Les Paul and Mary Ford, who became family friends. “Les and Mary got married at my house,” Miller noted. “They spent their honeymoon in my parents’ bedroom. He was my godfather.”

Miller’s family eventually moved to Texas, and a whole new world of music opened up to the boy. “We would go to the Baptist church to see Sister Rosetta Tharpe,” he said. “Then, when I was 9, T-Bone Walker came to our house to play a party. I sat right next to T-Bone all night and watched him play. He taught me how to play the guitar behind my head and do splits. He became a regular at our house, and that’s how I learned to play lead guitar.”

By the time he was a teenager, attending a boys-only private school in Dallas, Miller was a bandleader of significant local repute. Inspired by seeing Ricky Nelson – and, especially, Nelson’s guitarist James Burton – entertain every week on The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet, Miller rounded up a group of young players including schoolmate Boz Scaggs and formed a band. Then he made his move.

“I thought, ‘Why don’t we mimeograph a letter and just send it to all the local fraternities, sororities, schools, boys clubs, and country clubs saying we have a rock and roll band and we’re looking for gigs?’” Miller said. “The phone rang off the wall. This was 1956. I was 13. There were no rock and roll bands at the time. Of course, we never said how old we were. I had this band booked every Friday and Saturday night for the entire school year. I eventually taught my older brother how to play bass so that he could drive us. We were so young, but we were really good, and we were making a living. We worked all over Texas, Louisiana and Oklahoma, but especially around Dallas, where we’d back up Jimmy Reed. I was making $300 a month, which is like $3,000 now. It was crazy!”

Miller applied the same principles of musical quality and acute business sense when he enrolled at the University of Wisconsin in Madison. “When I got there, they didn’t have any rock bands,” Miller recounted. Scaggs came to Madison as well, and they met keyboardist Ben Sidran and assembled another killer group. After college, Miller heard about the success of the Paul Butterfield Blues Band in Chicago, telling his parents he planned to move there to play blues. “My father wanted to kill me,” Miller recalled. “But my mother said, ‘Here’s $100. Go see if you can make it.’” In Chicago, he met keyboardist Barry Goldberg, with whom he formed the Goldberg-Miller Blues Band, soon signed to Epic. They recorded a couple of singles, and in 1965, performed on the TV variety show Hullabaloo with the Supremes and the Four Tops.

Although the collaboration with Goldberg didn’t ultimately work out, Miller got an extraordinary education in Chicago. “I must have seen Muddy Waters and Howlin’ Wolf 100 times in a room the size of my living room,” he said. He picked up a gig as rhythm guitarist in Buddy Guy’s band but didn’t have the stamina to see it through. “We played from nine at night until four in the morning six days a week,” Miller said. “And Buddy’s rule was that we had to have one shot of bourbon before each set. After about three weeks, I just said, ‘Buddy, I can’t do this.’”

Instead, he moved to San Francisco, where by virtue of his chops and reliability, Miller became a force on the scene, playing the Fillmore more than 100 times. He pulled a band together and, partly because record companies had become so enamored of San Francisco, he landed a five-album deal with Capitol for nearly $1 million, a massive figure at the time. The Steve Miller Band released two LPs in 1968: Children of the Future and Sailor. The latter rose to the Top 40 and included “Living in the U.S.A.,” which became a staple on the album-oriented format of FM radio. Brave New World, the band’s third album, rose to Number 22, and included “Space Cowboy,” another FM favorite, and “My Dark Hour,” which Miller recorded in London with Paul McCartney, who is credited as Paul Ramon on the sleeve.

The band’s next two albums, Your Saving Grace (1969) and Number 5 (1970), both cracked the Top 40, but it seemed as if the band had peaked. Miller was regarded as a credible figure, but none of the first five albums had gone gold. He had to make a decision.

“We had recorded five albums in something like 18 months,” Miller said. “We had been playing 200 gigs a year. The band was going through changes. I wasn’t hearing anything from Capitol about a new contract. So I thought, I’ll get some musicians, go down to L.A. on my own, and produce my own record. I finished it in about 19 days.” That album was The Joker.

Suddenly, Capitol was interested again, and the title track became a Number One single. The song is such a curiosity – audiences identified with the easygoing singer of the song and his hazy, lazy self-portrait. “My little secret formula is that a hit single has to have five hooks,” Miller explained. “I made it as cleverly
as I could. In the car, driving, people love to sing harmony. There was the slide solo, the whistle, the chorus, the ‘mid- night toker’ – a secret language that kids’ parents don’t understand. It had a little bit of everything. And it caught on.”

The song brought Miller a whole new audience that he soon expanded even further. His next two albums, Fly Like an Eagle (1976) and Book of Dreams (1977), both went multiplatinum, and the hits they generated are among the most recognizable songs in pop music history. Miller’s collaboration with Paul McCartney on “My Dark Hour” might not have taken off, but when Miller repurposed that song’s catchy guitar riff for the title track to “Fly Like an Eagle,” he scored a Number Two single. That was preceded by “Take the Money and Run” and “Rock’n Me,” and followed by “Jet Airliner,” “Jungle Love” and “Swingtown,” all Top 40 singles. In 1978, Capitol released Greatest Hits 1974–78, which has sold more than 13 million copies. Miller’s last big hit was “Abracadabra,” the title track of his 1982 album. “That song was Number One all over the world,” Miller said, delighting in the fact that Capitol had initially refused to release it as a single in America.

Miller’s string of hits ran out at that point. The 80s were a confusing time for many veteran artists, Miller among them. “I never had a manager,” he explained. “I didn’t take advantage of all my opportunities. If I could do it over again, I would have worked harder to find someone who could have helped grow my business during that time.” In addition, he was exhausted. “That run from 1967 to 1983 was nonstop,” he recalled. “With Fly Like an Eagle, we started out in 3,000-seat theaters, and nine months later we’re playing in football stadiums. Staying on top of all that – writing songs, releasing records, running the band – it was a lot of work. I was pretty much burned.” Consequently, Miller said, “‘Fuck it.’ I bought a 53-foot cruiser, named it Abracadabra, and went cruising the Inside Passage for six years.”

When Miller returned to music, he returned to the styles he loved from the very start: blues and jazz standards. “When I was a kid, I didn’t want to be Elvis Presley or any of the pop stars of the time, like Frankie Avalon,” he said. “I wanted to be a musician. I wanted to be like Miles Davis. I wanted to be like Muddy Waters. I wanted to be like T-Bone Walker. I wanted to play real music.”

At this stage of his life, in 2016, Miller feels more fulfilled than ever. He recently moved to New York, where he is on the Board of Jazz at Lincoln Center and on the Board for the Metropolitan Museum’s Musical Instruments collection. And, of course, he continues to record and perform. “I just had the greatest musical year of my life since the early 70s,” he said. “I’m always excited about my next gig. I just moved to New York, and I get so inspired by the theater and museums and musical performances and readings. That stuff speaks to me and wakes me up. If I can spend the next 20 years of my life striving and working and grinding until that last day, then you get every drop out of life.”

By Anthony Decurtis

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